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Sunday, August 9, 2020 | History

2 edition of modernization of NATO"s long-range theater nuclear forces found in the catalog.

modernization of NATO"s long-range theater nuclear forces

Simon Lunn

modernization of NATO"s long-range theater nuclear forces

report

by Simon Lunn

  • 241 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published by U.S. G.P.O. in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization,
  • Nuclear weapons,
  • Europe -- Defenses

  • Edition Notes

    Statementprepared for the Subcommittee on Europe and the Middle East of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives ; by the Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
    ContributionsLibrary of Congress. Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division, United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Europe and the Middle East
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 80 p. ;
    Number of Pages80
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL13603880M

      Early agreements did little to reduce the size of Soviet forces, as the Soviet Union developed and deployed missiles with multiple warheads. However, the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, combined with financial difficulties that slowed Russia’s nuclear modernization plans, sharply reduced the number of deployed warheads in the Russian : Amy F. Woolf. power in the European theater, including its conventional, tactical nuclear, and long-range theater nuclear forces. By December a consensus had developed in the NATO committee of defense ministers, the Defence Planning Committee (DPC), that NATO needed to mount a concerted military effort to assure a tolerable military balance in Europe.

    April , Florida Nuclear Planning Group Chairman: Mr. J. Luns. Status of nuclear forces - Support for US efforts to conclude SALT negotiations - Concern over Soviet modernization of theatre nuclear force systems - Maintenance and modernization of NATO's theatre nuclear forces - Importance of arms control - Maritime theatre nuclear weapons - Soviet maritime capabilities. The current plan is to design and build 12 new nuclear missile submarines, as many as new nuclear-capable bombers, as many as 1, new nuclear-tipped cruise missiles, and to modernize around intercontinental ballistic missiles and the various nuclear warheads in the U.S. arsenal.

    Theater-Nuclear Force Modernization and NATO's Flexible Response Strategy By JACQUELYN K. DAVIS ABSTRACT: In October the North Atlantic Treaty Organiza-tion adopted a resolution that recommended modernization of NATO's long-range theater-nuclear forces. Based upon the deploy-ment in Western Europe of Pershing II missile and ground-. In fact, five non-nuclear-weapon states in NATO have volunteered to serve as surrogate nuclear-weapon states by equipping their military forces with the necessary tools to deliver U.S. nuclear weapons in times of war—an arrangement tolerated during the Cold War but entirely inappropriate in the post-Cold War era in which NATO and the United.


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Modernization of NATO"s long-range theater nuclear forces by Simon Lunn Download PDF EPUB FB2

The modernization of NATO's long-range theater nuclear forces (Vol-1): report [Lunn, Simon.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The modernization of NATO's long-range theater nuclear forces (Vol-1): reportAuthor: Simon.

Lunn. Get this from a library. The modernization of NATO's long-range theater nuclear forces: report. [Simon Lunn; Library of Congress. Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division.; United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs.

Subcommittee on Europe and the Middle East.]. Title: Modernizing NATO's Long-Range Theater Nuclear Forces: An Assessment Author: Thomas L. McNaugher Subject: Analyzes the political and military background of the decision by the NATO Foreign and Defense Ministers, in Decemberto modernize NATO's long-range theater nuclear forces (LRTNF), in response to the Soviet threat.

NATO LONG-RANGE THEATER NUCLEAR FORCE MODERNIZATION: RATIONALE AND UTILITY * DTY% The Rand Corporation AD-A ELECTE D Main Street tcOCT 10 i Santa Monica, California - lrie(i,1, I1 *, ,9f 1Act. October F w w to ct.

Final Report for Period 15 October January Author: T M Parker, R W Dean, D C Kephart, A Laupa, P Malone. Analyzes the political and military background of the decision by the NATO Foreign and Defense Ministers, in Decemberto modernize NATO's long-range theater nuclear forces (LRTNF), in response to the Soviet : Thomas L McNaugher, Theodore M Parker.

In October the North Atlantic Treaty Organization adopted a resolution that recommended modernization of NATO's long-range theater-nuclear forces. Based upon the deployment in Western Europe of Pershing II missile and ground-launched cruise missile launchers, the NATO decision was widely regraded as an essential step in redressing Cited by: 2.

This report deals with the background and rationale for long-range theater nuclear force (TNF) modernization, the roles and utility of long-range TNFs in NATO strategy, and what NATO can and cannot expect from long-range TNF modernization. The modernization of NATO's long-range theater nuclear forces [microform]: report /.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Record, Jeffrey. NATO's theater nuclear force modernization program. Cambridge, Mass.: Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, Ministers underlined that NATO's long-range theatre nuclear force modernization programme was a deliberately restrained one compared with the existing capability and continuing growth of Soviet nuclear forces facing the Alliance.

-- Analyzes the political and military background of the decision by the NATO Foreign and Defense Ministers, in Decemberto modernize NATO's long-range theater nuclear forces. long range theater nuclear forces" some NATO modernization will be neces~arYt even if arms control efforts were successful.

In summarYJ the Alliance intends to follow two parallel and complementary approaches --the modernization of ~ATO's. Hanmer, Stephen R. Jr., "NATO's Long-Range Theatre Nuclear Forces: Modernization in Parallel With Arms Control", NATO Review, February 6.

Kelleher, Catherine McArdle, "The Present As Prologue: Europe and Theater Nuclear Modernization", International Security, Spring Evaluates the plan to modernize NATO's theater nuclear forces by deploying long-range missiles in Europe, at an estimated cost of almost five billion dollars to the United States.

CRS- 1. In Decemberthe United States and 12 NATO partners agreed to modernize NATO's theater nuclear forces by replacing existing Pershing I ballistic missiles with a more accurate and longer range Pershing I1 (P) while adding new ground launched cruise missiles.

The deployment was seen : Stanley R Sloan. Indeed these forces are increasing in age and vulnerability and do not include land-based, long-range theatre nuclear missile systems At the same time, the Soviets have also undertaken a modernization and expansion of their shorter-range TNF and greatly improved the overall quality of their conventional forces.

As can be seen in the extract from the communiqué, which is also reproduced there, NATO spokesmen continue to justify present nuclear weapon modernization programmes in terms of that decision. Critics, who challenge these programmes for all the reasons explained in Chapter 3, also see the Montebello decision as having been : Oliver Ramsbotham.

The nuclear force will have changed substantially over this period, becoming significantly smaller and less diverse. Figure 1 illustrates the reduction in the size of strategic nuclear forces in terms of both warheads and delivery vehicles between years and The total number of weapons in the stockpile will have decreased f Developments in American strategic thinking and weapons development created the NATO's TNF whose objective was its modernization.

One of the modernizations was the deployment of SS missiles. However, the modernization of TNF generated political initiative from the European side, which led to the modernization also of Long Range Theatre Nuclear Forces (LRTNF).

The NATO decision resulted from a long process of negotiation beginning in May when the heads of state of the NATO countries concluded that their governments needed to examine theater nuclear force modernization. The Nuclear Planning Group created the High Level Group (HLG), chaired by David E.

McGiffert, the U.S. Assistant Secretary of. In this context, Ministers noted that the modernization of theatre nuclear systems would, by adding highly accurate and survivable, long-range systems based in NATO Europe, enhance NATO's deterrent and strengthen the linkage between NATO's conventional forces and United States intercontinental strategic systems; and by augmenting NATO long-range theatre nuclear forces, close a gap in the spectrum of .-- Evaluates the plan to modernize NATO's theater nuclear forces by deploying long-range missiles in Europe, at an estimated cost of almost five billion dollars to the United States.

The author.to nuclear defense, the Alliance recently pursued an across-the-board defense spending increase, a coordinated long-term modernization plan, and arms con-trol talks with the USSR.

Not falling within the mainstream of the NATO-Pact balance, however, were new Soviet long-range theater nuclear forces.